Of all the inputs in the agricultural production process, seed is the most important input in agricultural productivity and production. In the significant advances that India has made in agriculture in the last four decades, the role of seed sector has been substantial. In the past, the growth in agricultural productivity has matched the expansion of seed industry.
The organized seed industry in India is just 40-year old; yet, its growth has been phenomenal. India is one of the few countries where the seed sector is already reasonably advanced. The private seed industry is no more confined to just production and marketing of seed, rather it has acquired technological strength to cater to the varietal needs of tomorrow (Gadwal, 2003). Given the fact that sustained agriculture growth will, to a great extent, depend on the pace of development and adoption of innovative technologies, the seed will continue to be a vital component for decades to come.